A Penetration Testing, also known as a Pen Test is a legal attempt at gaining access to your protected computer systems or networks, often conducted by a third party organisation. The purpose of the test is to identify security vulnerabilities and then attempt to successfully exploit them in order to gain some form of access to the network or computer system.
Two of the more common types of penetration tests are black box and white box penetration testing.
In a black box test, no prior knowledge of the corporate system is given to the third party tester. This is often the most preferred test as it is an accurate simulation of how an outsider/hacker would see the network and attempt to break into it.
A white box test on the other hand is when the third party organisation is given full IP information, network diagrams and source code files to the software, networks and systems, in a bid to find weaknesses from any of the available information.
PENETRATION TESTING- SOFTWARE'S / TOOLS / UTILITIES